Carbohydrates are one of the basic natural substances in plant and animal organisms. Plants and other autofototrophic organisms can produce them by a process called photosynthesis from water and carbon dioxide using solar energy. Other organisms are dependent on their dietary intake. In the short term, they can be synthesized from amino acids and glycerol.
Carbohydrates have important functions in organisms:
- source and short-term energy supply (glucose, fructose)
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